spur


spur
spur spur noun 1. a sharp pointed object that riders sometimes wear on the heels of their boots and use to encourage their horse to go faster • 马刺;靴刺 2. [usually sing.] spur (to sth) a fact or an event that makes you want to do sth better or more quickly • 鞭策;激励;刺激;鼓舞 【SYN】 motivation :
»His speech was a powerful spur to action.
他的讲话很有鼓动力。
3. an area of high ground that sticks out from a mountain or hill • 山嘴;尖坡;支脉 4. a road or a railway / railroad track that leads from the main road or line • (公路或铁路的)支线,岔线 【IDIOMS】 on the ˌspur of the ˈmoment • suddenly, without planning in advance • 一时冲动之下;心血来潮:
»I phoned him up on the spur of the moment.
我一时心动,给他打了电话。
»a spur-of-the-moment decision
心血来潮的决定
win / earn your ˈspurs •(formal) to achieve fame or success • 获得名望;取得成功 verb (-rr-) [VN] 1. spur sb / sth (on) (to sth / to do sth) to encourage sb to do sth or to encourage them to try harder to achieve sth • 鞭策;激励;刺激;鼓舞:
»Her difficult childhood spurred her on to succeed.
她艰辛的童年激励她取得成功。
»I was spurred into action by the letter.
那封信激励我行动起来。
»The band has been spurred on by the success of their last single.
最近一张单曲唱片的成功使乐队受到鼓舞。
2. to make sth happen faster or sooner • 促进,加速,刺激(某事发生):
»The agreement is essential to spurring economic growth around the world.
这项协议对于促进世界经济的增长是至关重要的。
3. to encourage a horse to go faster, especially by pushing the spurs on your boots into its side • 策(马)前进;(尤指用马刺)策(马)加速
* * *
[spә:]
n. 踢馬剌, 剌激物, (鳥, 蟲等的)距, 刺激
v. 鞭策, 刺激, 疾馳, 驅策

English-Chinese dictionary. 2013.

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  • SPUR — SPUR, auch S. P. U. R., war eine avantgardistische Gruppe bildender Künstler, die 1958 in München gegründet wurde. Sie leistete einen wichtigen künstlerischen und mit ihrem Manifest auch theoretischen Beitrag zur deutschen Avantgarde nach 1945.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Spur — Spur, n. [OE. spure, spore, AS. spura, spora; akin to D. spoor, G. sporn, OHG. sporo, Icel. spori, Dan. spore, Sw. sporre, and to AS. spor a trace, footstep, spyrian to trace, track, examine, and E. spurn. [root]171. Cf. {Sparrow}, {Spere},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • spur — spur; spur·blind; spur·less; spur·ling; spur·ri·er; spur·ry; spur·tive; spur·tle; spur·rey; …   English syllables

  • Spur — Spur: Das altgerm. Substantiv mhd. spur, spor, ahd. spor, niederl. spoor, aengl. spor, schwed. spår ist im Sinne von »Tritt, Fußabdruck« verwandt mit ahd. spurnan »spornen«, aengl. spurnan »anstoßen, verschmähen« und aisl. sporna, sperna »treten …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • spur — [spʉr] n. [ME spure < OE spura, akin to Ger sporn < IE base * sp(h)er , to jerk, push with the foot > SPURN, Sans sphurāti, (he) kicks away, L spernere, lit., to push away] 1. any of various pointed devices worn on the heel by the rider… …   English World dictionary

  • Spur 1 — Spur I Gartenbahn in der Miniaturlandschaft des Bekonscot Model Village (England) Spur I Tin Plate Spielzeugeisenbahn der Firma Märklin Die Nenngröße I ( …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Spur — Sf std. (8. Jh.), mhd. spür, spur f./n., ahd. spur n., mndd. spor, mndl. spor n Stammwort. Aus g. * spura n. Spur , auch in anord. spor, ae. spor n. Ableitung aus dem unter Sporn behandelten g. * spur na Vst. treten , also eigentlich Tritt .… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Spur — Spur, Spurweite (gauge; écartement des rails; scartamento), die gegenseitige Entfernung der beiden zu einem Gleis gehörigen Schienenstränge senkrecht zwischen den Innenkanten der Schienenköpfe, u.zw. nach den T.V. 14 mm unter Schienenoberkante… …   Enzyklopädie des Eisenbahnwesens

  • spur — (n.) O.E. spura, spora (related to spurnan to kick, see SPURN (Cf. spurn)), from P.Gmc. *spuron (Cf. O.N. spori, M.Du. spore, Du. spoor, O.H.G. sporo, Ger. Sporn spur ), from PIE *spere ankle ( …   Etymology dictionary

  • Spur — Spur, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Spurred} (sp[^u]rd); p. pr. & vb. n. {Spurring}.] 1. To prick with spurs; to incite to a more hasty pace; to urge or goad; as, to spur a horse. [1913 Webster] 2. To urge or encourage to action, or to a more vigorous… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Spur — Spur, v. i. To spur on one s horse; to travel with great expedition; to hasten; hence, to press forward in any pursuit. Now spurs the lated traveler. Shak. [1913 Webster] The Parthians shall be there, And, spurring from the fight, confess their… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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